In this world, there are always a lot of things that are hard to understand, and one of the most difficult things to fully understand as a Christian is the Trinity. Out of all the things that Christianity tries to teach, the Trinity is one of the concepts that can never be fully understood by any human being, including a Christian. For most people, it can’t even be adequately explained.
However, this is to be expected. After all, God is greater than any human being will ever be, and therefore, no one should nor will they ever fully understand Him. The Bible teaches Christians that all part of the Trinity is God. For instance, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. This is why the Trinity is such a difficult concept to fully grasp. The first thing that Christians are taught is that there is only one God. This is part of the reason why the Trinity is such a hard concept to understand. If there is only one God, then how is it possible that each part of the Trinity is also God?
On some level, humans can understand the relationship between the different Persons of the Trinity, but ultimately, the human mind cannot fully comprehend this aspect. Being a Christian, one must accept that this is true, because the Trinity is true according to the Bible.
When talking about the Trinity, the first thing that people have to accept is the fact that there is one God and that he exists in three Persons. One must also understand that by saying this, the Bible is no way insinuating that there are three separate Gods. Some people might say, “What is the Trinity?” This is due to the fact that term “Trinity” is never mentioned in the Scriptures of the Bible. Trinity is just a commonly used term that is used to describe the triune God. It used when Christians are referring to the three co-eternal Persons who make up God. Even though the term “Trinity” is not used in the Scripture, it does exist, and below, one can read what the Bible says about the Trinity.
Scriptures That Make Reference to the Trinity
There are many Scriptures in the Bible that make reference to the Trinity. Here is a list of the individual passages in God's word that describe the Trinity:
- Deuteronomy 6:4; Corinthians 8:4; Galatians 3:20; 1 Timothy 2:5 – It is in these passages that it is clearly stated that there is only one God.
- Genesis 1:1, 26, 3:22; 11:7; Isaiah 6:8, 48:16, 61:1; Matthew 3:16-17, 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14 – The overall concept in these passages is that the Trinity consists of three Persons. The words “Elohim” and “us” are both used in these passages. By using these words, it is insinuated that the Trinity is possible. In the New Testament passages, they reference that the Son is speaking, and he makes reference to the Father and the Holy Spirit. It is within these Scriptures that one can find examples of three distinct Persons that are considered to be God. This is the definition of the laymen term “Trinity”.
- Genesis 19:24; Hosea 1:4; Psalm 2:7, 12; Psalm 51:10-12; Psalm 45:6-7; Proverbs 30:2-4; Numbers 27:18; Hebrews 1:8-9; John 14:16-17 – Throughout the Bible, the three members of the Trinity have been distinguished from each other in a few different passages. The Trinity is a common theme in the Old Testament and the New Testament. When the Old Testament is concerned, “LORD” is often different than “Lord”. In the New Testament, there are a lot of references where Jesus talks to the Holy Spirit or the Father. The first question that one might ask during these conversations is, “Is Jesus talking to Himself?” The answer to this question is no. During these times, Jesus is speaking to another Person in the Trinity, and generally, the Person he is speaking to is the Father.
- John 6:27; John 1:1, 14; 1 John 5:20; Romans 1:7; Romans 9:5; 1 Peter 1:2; Colossians 2:9; Hebrews 1:8; Acts 5:3-4; 1 Corinthians 3:16 – Within these passages, each member of the Trinity of God is name and revealed. They clearly state that, The Father is God. The Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. It is rare that all three are mentioned in the same passage, but this proves that throughout the entire Bible, the same thing is insinuated about the Trinity.
- Luke 22:42; John 5:36; John 20:21; John 4:14; John 14:16, 14:26, 15:26, 16:7, 16:13-14 – It is within these passages that a subordination within the Trinity is reveled. The way this subordination works is the Father is above all and answers to no one. The Son only answers to the Father, and the Holy Spirit is subordinate to both the Son and the Father. However, this is only seen as an internal relationship, and it doesn’t deny any Person of the Trinity their rightful respect. One of the reasons why the Trinity can be so difficult to comprehend is because the word Trinity is never actually used in the Bible.
The Individual Members of the Trinity Have Different Tasks
Each member of the Trinity has different tasks that they perform. Below, one will be able to see specific passages that explain what these individual members are tasked to do.
- 1 Corinthians 8:6; Revelation 4:11; Revelation 1:1; John 3:16-17; John 5:17; John 14:10 – These passages speak directly on the tasks that The Father are responsible for. The Father is considered to be the cause or source of the entire universe. He is also tasked with divine revelation and salvation, and The Father is tasked with Jesus’ human works. Basically, the Father initiates all of these aspects.
- 1 Corinthians 8:6; John 1:3; Colossians 1:16-17; John 1:1, 16:12-15; Matthew 11:27; Revelation 1:1; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Matthew 1:21; John 4:42 – It is within these passages that it is explained that the Son is the agent in which the Father carries out his tasks. The Son helps assists with the creation and maintenance of the universe. He is also a part of the divine revelation and salvation. The Father uses the Son to do all of these things.
- Genesis 1:2; Job 26:13; Psalm 104:30; John 16:12-15; Ephesians 3:5; 2 Peter 1:21; John 3:6; Titus 3:5; 1 Peter 1:2; Isaiah 61:1; Acts 10:38 - In these passages, the Holy Spirit is the means that the Father does his works. Everything that the Father does, He does it by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Different Illustrations of the Trinity
Throughout the years, there have been a lot of people that have tried to illustrate the Trinity accurately, but this has proven to be more difficult. Even the most popular illustrations of the Trinity are not completely accurate. For instance, with an apple, it is made up of the skin, the flesh, and the seeds. These are parts of the apple, but they are not the apple itself. However with the Trinity, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are not parts of God. Each of the Persons in the Trinity is God.
Another popular illustration of the Trinity is the water illustration. Compared to the apple and egg illustration, the water illustration is a little easier to understand. The three forms of water are liquid, vapor, and ice. Although the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are not forms of God, this is still one of the best illustrations available to people who are trying to understand what the Trinity truly is. It is impossible to define an infinite God with by using a finite illustration. However, these are some of easiest ways to describe the Trinity even if it is not entirely accurate.
Throughout the history of the Christian church, the doctrine of the Trinity has been present and so has the issue of fully understanding it. However, the core of the Trinity is present throughout the Bible, and although it is divided into three Persons, each person is all the same God. In the end, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all God, and there is only one God.